‘Fall in terror deaths in 2019’

Elias Hubbard
Ноября 26, 2020

It emphasised that conflict remains the primary driver of terrorism, with over 96% of deaths from terrorism in 2019 occurring in countries already in conflict.

Despite an overall fall in the impact of terrorism across the world previous year, it remains a significant and serious problem in many countries, according to a study launched this morning.

On the other hand, the strength and influence of the Daesh a href="https://sputniknews.com/world/202011241081261334-twin-blasts-in-central-afghanistan-kill-14-injure-45-officials-say/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" *Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Syria, Somalia, Yemen, Pakistan, India, Democratic Republic of Congo and the Philippines as the top 10 countries that experienced the highest impact from terrorism in 2019, while Central America and the Caribbean region recorded the lowest impact. The total number of deaths fell, by 15.5 per cent to 13,826. "By contrast, in 2015 there were six countries that recorded over a thousand deaths from terrorism".

However, the report noted, "only Afghanistan and Nigeria recorded over 1,000 deaths and both countries had significant reductions in the number of people killed in 2019". Other countries to deteriorate substantially are Sri Lanka, Mozambique, Mali and Niger.

Steve Killelea, Executive Chairman of IEP: "As we enter a new decade we are seeing new threats of terrorism emerge". Similarly, recent terror attacks in France and Austria suggest smaller groups sympathetic to the Islamist terror group are still active in Europe and represent an ongoing threat.

"We might see less funding for counter-terrorism activities or activities that would create a better socio-economic environment in which people would have less tendency to be radicalised", Serge Stroobants, director of operations for Europe, the Middle East and North Africa at IEP, told EURACTIV.

According to the report on the terrorism situation in South Asia, Bangladesh ranks second among the seven countries in the region. ISIL affiliates are mainly responsible for the increase with 41 per cent of all ISIL related deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. However, over the decade leading up to the start of 2019, incidents of terrorism steadily expanded in Afghanistan, with deaths increasing by 439% from 2009 to 2019, the index said. The report covers regions and countries, trends in Islamist and extreme right terror, and features a "Terrorism and Security Impact Bonds" idea, by Lord Browne of Ladyton; and Sir Adam Thomson, and Ben Challis, of the European Leadership Network (ELN). Over the past decade measures of societal resilience have been falling in numerous economically advanced economies.

After a 21-year-old white man armed with a semiautomatic rifle entered a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas, killing almost two dozen people, mostly Latinos, authorities treated the attack as an act of far-right domestic terrorism.

The GTI foresees the West's adverse trend continuing, citing the prevalence of "political instability and violence" caused by the economic downturn from the pandemic. However, the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to present new and distinct counter-terrorism challenges.

Keys to the decline include the steady withering of the threat posed by Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq and what the institute calls "increased counter-terrorism coordination at both the state and global level" around the world.

The fall in terrorism has also been accompanied by a reduction in the global economic impact of terrorism, decreasing by 25 per cent to US$16.4 billion in 2019.

Thomas Morgan, Senior Research Fellow at IEP, explains the findings: "Between 2011 and 2019, riots and violent demonstrations in the West increased by 277 per cent".

"But under this socio-economic pressure we might see that more people are going to alienate from society, more people feel discriminated against and more people would be prone to listen to the messages of [terrorist] recruiters", he said, adding: "That's a potential risk for the future". However, Bangladesh is the most successful South Asian country in countering terrorism.

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