Eight countries agree to not fight and litter while exploring the moon

James Marshall
October 14, 2020

Seven states participating in USA lunar exploration efforts have joined the United States in signing the "Artemis Accords", Bridenstine said in a virtual event sponsored by the International Astronautical Conference.

But the ISS is nearing the end of its life, probably by 2030, and NASA has unilaterally launched a lunar exploration program without prior consultation with Russian Federation and other partners.

The United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates signed the bilateral agreements during an annual space conference on Tuesday following months of talks in a USA bid to cultivate allies under its plan to return astronauts to the moon by 2024.

The United States remains hopeful that Russian Federation will join its Artemis program to return humans to the surface of the Moon by 2024, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Administrator Jim Bridenstine told a virtual press conference on Tuesday.

The Gateway was announced under President Donald Trump as part of plans to return American astronauts to the Moon in 2024 - for the first time since 1972 - under a program dubbed Artemis.

Canada has signed on to the Artemis Accords, a USA -led effort to establish global guidelines for sending explorers back to the moon and beyond. NASA is prohibited under law, at least for now, from signing any bilateral agreements with China.

The NASA program, expected to cost tens of billions of dollars, will send robotic rovers to the surface of the moon before an eventual human landing.

He said Japan looks forward to cooperating with its global partners.

Canada and Britain were also among the eight nations that signed the pact at an online ceremony during the annual International Astronautical Congress.

It's important not only to travel to the moon 'with our astronauts, but that we bring with us our values, ' noted NASA's acting chief for worldwide and interagency relations, Mike Gold.

'This first announcement is very much a beginning, not an ending to the nations joining the Accords, ' he said during the Tuesday briefing.

Rule No. 1: Everyone must come in peace.

The idea carries over to space systems designed by every space agency.

Other principles include affirming that they will render assistance to each other in case of emergency, make their scientific data public, preserve the heritage of outer space and plan for the safe disposal of space debris.

Other reports by Click Lancashire

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