Deported Salvadorans killed, assaulted returning from U.S.

Elias Hubbard
February 7, 2020

More than 130 Salvadorans have been killed after being deported from the United States since 2013, the USA -based Human Rights Watch (HRW) said on Wednesday, as it stressed the danger migrants face under the Trump administration's hardening immigration policy. The bulk of the deaths happened within a year of the person's deportation-for some, it was just days-and came from "the same perpetrators they had tried to escape by seeking safety in the U.S.", as the Guardian puts it. HRW found another 70 instances of deportees being sexually assaulted or tortured.

El Salvador, the most densely populated country in Central America with just over 6 million citizens, has one of the world's highest rates of homicide and sexual violence, according to The Guardian.

"Our concern is that many of these people are facing a death sentence", Parker said on Wednesday.

Between 2014 and 2018 the USA deported about 111,000 Salvadorans back to their homeland, which has always been in the grip of fierce gang violence.

The analysis cites some migrants returning to the same situations from which they fled, and identifies a "clear link" between the violence and the motivating factor that led them to leave El Salvador.

The. United Nations reported a year ago that killings in El Salvador, a majority of them linked to gang conflict, have declined from a peak of more than 6,000 in 2015.

"We are deeply concerned by the Trump administration's effort to literally eviscerate the right to seek asylum in the United States", she said. A majority of those killings are linked to gangs.

The number of Salvadorans seeking asylum in the United States grew by almost 1,000 percent between 2012 and 2017. Only about 18% are granted asylum. Many of those individuals reported being threatened by gangs.

Human Rights Watch confirmed the 138 deaths during that period through official records, interviews with families, and media accounts but believes the actual toll is much higher. "But this reality is ignored or not believed by U.S. authorities", said Elizabeth Kennedy, co-author of the report.

Nearly 11,000 people were registered missing during the last decade - more than the number of people who disappeared during the 1979-1992 civil war, The Guardian reported.

"No government, United Nations agency, or nongovernmental organization has systematically monitored what happens to deported persons once back in El Salvador". He said it shows that many people are returning to communities controlled by gangs.

'We can say that deporting people to these areas is very hard and unsafe, ' Rios said.

The report says Salvadoran refugees face great risk returning to their native country, and USA policy changes for the legal migration process have only increased that risk.

President Donald Trump has made immigration enforcement a centerpiece of his administration, and that has included a policy of forcing asylum-seekers from Central America to wait in Mexico while their claims are evaluated or sent back to their homelands if their claim is rejected.

HRW researchers tracked and verified hundreds of press reports, and conducted 150 interviews with deportees, surviving family members, government and security officials, and USA immigration attorneys. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English.

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