Three scientists share 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics

James Marshall
October 9, 2019

Half of this year's Nobel Prize in physics, totaling 9 million Swedish krona (more than $900,000), will go to Peebles, and the other half will be split between Mayor and Queloz.

Peebles made major theoretical contributions that improved the understanding of the universe, including the cosmic microwave background, dark matter, dark energy, and the Big Bang model.

Sander said she's interested in possibly pursuing cosmology as a field of study because she sees it as a way to help make the world better. "I owe a lot to the University of Manitoba and a chunk will go to it", he added.

The Nobel Prize in physics for 2019 was awarded to three scientists on Tuesday for groundbreaking work on the evolution of the universe and Earth's place in it. That year the two discovered exoplanet 51 Pegasi b (named after the star it orbits) - a gas giant planet about half the size of Jupiter that circles a star comparable to our sun.

Queloz was meeting with other scientists interested in finding new planets when the press office at Cambridge University told him the big news: He had won the Nobel Prize.

Thunberg's category, the victor of which will be announced on Friday, is one of five created by Alfred Nobel in his third and last will in 1895, which left much of his wealth to establishing a prize for those who "conferred the greatest benefit to humankind" during the preceding year. In the decades since, scientists have detected thousands more of these exoplanets, and astronomers now think our universe contains more planets than stars.

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was today (Wednesday) awarded to John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino "for the development of lithium-ion batteries".

"I've always loved Bob Dylan", he said, referring to the singer-songwriter who won the literature prize in 2016 but refused to participate in the Nobel ceremony.

"His theoretical framework, developed since the mid-1960s, is the basis of our contemporary ideas about the universe", the statement said. "I just kept going", Peebles said during the Nobel news conference by phone.

They were honoured for research into how human cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels, which opens up new strategies to fight such diseases as cancer and anaemia.

Among students and faculty at the University of Manitoba, more than a hundred people gathered in a student lounge on Tuesday to watch a live-streamed celebration from Princeton.

As for the award Peebles received for his work in physical cosmology, Dube said he isn't surprised. The laureates receive them at an ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, together with five other Nobel winners.

The two areas of research, cosmology and exoplanets, "really, sort of tell us something very essential - existential - about our place in the universe", Ulf Danielsson, theoretical physicist and a member of the Nobel Prize committee that selected the winners, said during an online broadcast. The sixth one, the peace prize, is handed out in Oslo, Norway on the same day.

According to The Hollywood Reporter, after two Swiss and a Candian-American scientist won the physics prize this year, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences' secretary-general appreciated the show as a "fantastic achievement".

Of the more than 600 Nobel Prize medals in science awarded, 20 have gone to women.

Other reports by Click Lancashire

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