How heart failure differs between the sexes

Henrietta Strickland
July 18, 2018

Compared with men, women with heart failure were more likely to be frailer and older at diagnosis, and were more likely to have comorbid conditions including hypertension, pulmonary circulatory disease, COPD, hypothyroidism.

'There are few effective treatments for heart failure, so better understanding the differences in how it presents in men and women could lead to promising avenues of research into new ways to treat and prevent it'.

The research on heart failure -a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs - also identified worse outcomes for women. It is a noteworthy reason for disease and passing and records for 35 percent of aggregate female cardiovascular passing.

For the study, researchers analyzed the data collected from more than 90 thousand patients who had been diagnosed with heart failure in Ontario over a period of five years, i.e. between 2009 to 2014.

Researchers at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute have found that women have higher rates of death from heart failure than men. But it's particularly acute in women: Since 1984, heart disease has killed more women than men each year.

Dr. Lisa Mielniczuk, co-principal investigator, says the study is the first time Canadian data has been used to look at the outcomes of heart failure patients in Ontario. All the patients were ambulatory, meaning not hospitalized when diagnosed.

Women diagnosed with heart failure may be at a higher risk of dying from the condition than men, according to new research.

"Further studies should focus on sex differences in health-seeking behavior, medical therapy and response to therapy to improve outcomes in women".

"We found that mortality from heart failure remains high, especially in women; that hospital admissions for heart failure decreased in men but increased in women; and that women and men had different associated comorbidities", added the researchers.

She said that men come with heart failure after having a heart attack, an ultrasound showing that the heart is not normally pumping blood.

Dr. Louise Sun, a cardiac anesthesiologist and a clinical epidemiologist at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute.

Doctors and women need to be more aware of the differences the study found and consider the possibility of heart failure when symptoms emerge, she said.

The results of the study clearly indicated that more and more female patients were dying because of heart failure.

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