Google Doodle celebrates Mirza Ghalib's 220th birth anniversary

James Marshall
December 27, 2017

Google today celebrated the last great poet of the Mughal era, Mirza Ghalib's 220th birth anniversary with a doodle.

He briefly discusses the Urdu language and ghazal as a literary form and familiarises the reader with the words, symbols and concepts crucial for understanding Ghalib's poetry.

One of the most oft-quoted poets of the 19th century, the works of Ghalib, born on December 27, 1797, are imbued with timelessness and universality. A prominent Urdu and Persian-language poet during the Mughal era, Ghalib became famous for his Urdu ghazals. Ghalib began his journey of composing poetry at a very tender age of 11.

A post on Google's blog described, " His verse is characterized by a lingering sadness borne of a tumultuous and often tragic life - from being orphaned at an early age, to losing all of his seven children in their infancy, to the political upheaval that surrounded the fall of Mughal rule in India.

During the last years of the Mughal Empire, Ghalib was also the poet tutor to the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar's eldest son, Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza. Situated within the Ghalib Academy, which was founded as a cultural institution in 1969, this museum is home to some really interesting collectibles that give visitors a peek into the life and ways of the poet.

He suffixed his name with Mirza after Ghalib because of another title that the emperor added to his honor, Mirza Nosha.

Ghalib's ancestors had reached India through many places, this is also why Ghalib had a good understanding of Persian language.

"Ghalib's Urdu ghazals attract a highly diverse set of people rich and poor, literary and scientific, uneducated and erudite layperson and polymath, lover and beloved, men and women, young and old, even the oppressor and the oppressed, those sunk into the past and reactionary, as well as those who are forward-looking and progressive", the author says. He took many trips from Agra to Kolkata for the stipend and for some other work.

It is now known as "Ghalib Ki Haveli".

Other reports by Click Lancashire

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